Case studies

Case 1 – City center of Milan (Italy)

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Reconstruction of the ancient Roman circus and neighborhood in the city center of Milan.
Here a complex mixture of Roman, Medieval, Spanish, Habsburg and late modern structures and architectures, nowadays enclosed and often hidden by the new metropolitan city.

 

 

 

Case 2 – Hadrian Wall and its landscape (UK)

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UNESCO site dating back to around AD 120, which spanned ca 120 km. Parts of the monument now exist in heavily urbanised areas, others in intensively-farmed agricultural land.

 

 

 

 

Case 3 – Medieval walls of Avila (Spain)

CaseStudy3UNESCO site dating back to the 11th century, it was built to protect the Spanish territories from the Moors and it has 82 semi-circular towers and 9 gates.

 

 

 

 

Case 4 – Fortress City of Krakow (Poland)

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UNESCO site built in 19th century, during the Age of Partitions, by the Austro-Hungarian Empire which decided to transform Krakow into a fortress city in order to defend it from another partitioner of the Polish land – the Russian Empire. Nowadays, the majority of the erected fortifications are forgotten and neglected, some are destroyed and only few are restored and visible.